“We are delighted by the outcome and believe that the constitutionality of both the motto and the pledge will continue to be upheld under further review,” said Brad Dacus, president of the Pacific Justice Institute. The Pacific Justice Institute intervened as a defendant organization and fully participated in the litigation of the national motto. Kevin Snider, PJI’s chief counsel, argued the case along with Lowell Sturgill of the U.S. Department of Justice, before the appellate court. PJI also filed a friend of the court brief in support of the pledge. PJI affiliate attorney Pete Lepiscopo of San Diego authored the brief.